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Ebook Totem Et Tabou by Sigmund Freud read! Book Title: Totem Et Tabou
The author of the book: Sigmund Freud
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 552 KB
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Loaded: 2699 times
Reader ratings: 5.2
Edition: Payot
Date of issue: June 9th 2004
ISBN: 2228894079
ISBN 13: 9782228894074
Language: English

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Un jour, les frères... A l'origine du lien social, ce jour-là : les frères se coalisent pour mettre fin à la tyrannie du père de la horde primitive, un chef qui détient tous les pouvoirs et se réserve la jouissance des femelles ; ils le dévorent et chacun d'eux, par ce festin cannibalique, s'approprie une partie de sa puissance. Une alliance entre semblables, un crime collectif, une grande fête, tel serait notre commencement, tel serait le fondement de la société humaine. " Au commencement était l'acte. " Et quel acte ! Après quoi s'instaure la culpabilité face au père mort, avec son corollaire : la vénération du totem ou du dieu. Après quoi prédomine l'horreur, le tabou, de l'inceste - l'horreur, pas seulement l'interdit -, avec sa conséquence, l'exogamie. Un mythe, cette thèse scandaleuse que Freud, après une longue enquête menée avec passion à travers la littérature ethnologique de l'époque (Frazer entre, beaucoup d'autres), énonce dans le dernier des quatre essais de Totem et tabou ? Un mythe, un roman des origines ou bien la révélation, difficile à admettre, au point d'être refoulée, que toute société repose sur un crime commis en commun et ne se maintient dans sa cohésion que par lui ? Cette traduction, remarquablement précise et annotée, est précédée d'une importante préface de François Gantheret qui Montre comment Totem et tabou fut pour son auteur lui-même, à bien des égards, un acte. Loin d'être, comme on l'a soutenu, " une application médicale de la psychanalyse à l'anthropologie ", il constitue un moment décisif dans l'auto-analyse de Freud et l'histoire du mouvement. Notre édition comporte aussi la brève et très personnelle préface rédigée par Freud à l'occasion de la traduction de son livre en hébreu. " L'auteur, y lit-on, qui est totalement détaché de la religion de ses pères, n'a pourtant jamais renié l'appartenance à son peuple. "


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Ebook Totem Et Tabou read Online! Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality. He is regarded as one of the most influential - and controversial - minds of the 20th century.

Sigismund (later changed to Sigmund) Freud was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now Pribor in the Czech Republic). His father was a merchant. The family moved to Leipzig and then settled in Vienna, where Freud was educated. Freud's family were Jewish but he was himself non-practising.

In 1873, Freud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna. After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. He collaborated with Josef Breuer in treating hysteria by the recall of painful experiences under hypnosis. In 1885, Freud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot. On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders. The same year he married Martha Bernays, with whom he had six children.

Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defences against them. In 1897, he began an intensive analysis of himself. In 1900, his major work 'The Interpretation of Dreams' was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences.

In 1902, Freud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until 1938. Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud. In 1910, the International Psychoanalytic Association was founded with Carl Jung, a close associate of Freud's, as the president. Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories.

After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology. In 1923, he published 'The Ego and the Id', which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the 'id, the 'ego' and the 'superego'.

In 1933, the Nazis publicly burnt a number of Freud's books. In 1938, shortly after the Nazis annexed Austria, Freud left Vienna for London with his wife and daughter Anna.

Freud had been diagnosed with cancer of the jaw in 1923, and underwent more than 30 operations. He died of cancer on 23 September 1939.


Reviews of the Totem Et Tabou


OSCAR

Black and White

THEO

This is a very predictable author. When you get a book for free, you can read it. The intrigue is present, the unbundling is clear.

LACEY

The author liked the book.

ALFIE

Put it on the toilet paper! or the fireplace!

SIENNA

Interesting, exciting story.




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